Haemorrhoids are a painful and annoying problem that many people suffer from.

They are small vascular cushions located near the anus which, due to effect and tissue relaxation, dilate and finally rupture and bleed.

There are two types of haemorrhoids:
-internal: these form inside the body near the anal sphincters;
-external: these form under the skin near the sphincters and are recognisable by their typical reddish-blue colour.

In both cases they are troublesome and uncomfortable for those who suffer from them.

You usually realise you have haemorrhoids when you experience discomfort on sitting down, something that at times can also cause bleeding and itching.

The onset of haemorrhoids depends to a great extent on the tone of the veins, bowel regularity, and the weight of the viscera and internal organs, such as happens for example in pregnant women, but nutrition also plays an important role.

Foods like chocolate, pepper, chilli peppers and spicy dishes should all be avoided by haemorrhoid sufferers.

Anal fissures

Anal fissures are authentic lacerations of the skin around the anus.

In addition to being a very painful and annoying phenomenon, they are not easy to treat.

In fact, anal fissures have a high tendency to recur.

In many cases, anal fissures form when there is excessive dilatation of the anus. The skin can therefore become lacerated and tear. This happens above all in people who suffer from chronic constipation which means that their stools may be excessively bulky and hard.

If the wound that forms is not too extensive and defecation is regular, the wound may heal spontaneously in a few days. Instead, the problem becomes chronic when there are recurrent lacerations in the same area which does not allow the wound to heal.

The most obvious symptom of anal fissures is the intense pain caused during the act of defecation. Another characteristic symptom of anal fissures is bright red bleeding that can be seen around the stools or on the toilet paper.

An excessively sedentary lifestyle, pregnancy, childbirth, occupations that require standing for long periods, and incorrect nutrition are all conditions that can trigger or exacerbate anal fissures.

Specific medical products are available at the pharmacy that can help in the symptomatic treatment of both internal and external haemorrhoids and anal fissures.