Mycoses

What are mycoses?

Mycoses are infections caused by tiny fungi, which, thanks to favourable conditions for their growth, such as humid environments, attack the skin, genital areas and nails. Mycoses can affect adults and children alike, and you normally realise you have a mycosis when you notice white or reddish patches on your body, cuticles that detach, and sensations of discomfort and itching.

Humidity, rather high temperatures, and also poor hygiene all encourage the proliferation of fungi.

However, other factors may also contribute to the formation of mycoses such as diabetes, advanced age, hyperhidrosis, nail injuries and poor peripheral blood circulation.

Mycoses of nails: onychomycosis

Whenever mycoses affect the nails of the hands or feet, this is called onychomycosis. The most common causes of onychomycosis are linked to warm, humid environments, such as sweaty feet in closed footwear. The prolonged use of nail polish that prevents normal respiration can also cause yellowing of the nail that becomes fragile and dull. Infected toenails can act as a reservoir for the fungi, facilitating their transmission to other body areas, and also to other people.

Nails affected by onychomycosis can be recognised by the following:

- thickening of the nail
yellowing of the nail
white patches on the nail

Athlete’s foot

If you are a jogging or cycling enthusiast, or you wear closed footwear for long periods, then you may have noticed red, chapped skin in the interdigital areas (the space between your toes): these are the first signs of athlete’s foot.
During the summer with high temperatures, the fungi find the best conditions for reproducing and attacking your feet. The transmission of this infection occurs due to tiny fragments of skin that detach from the foot and are dispersed in the environment. Contagion can therefore be either direct or indirect.

In addition to high temperatures, walking barefoot at the swimming pool or gym and wearing closed footwear for long periods are also risk factors for our feet.

The 8 main risk factors are as follows:

- weakening of the immune system
genetic factors (there could be a genetic disposition for this infection)
poor transpiration
accumulation of moisture (wet socks or shoes)
walking barefoot in public places
summer and hot-humid environments
inappropriate socks or footwear (synthetic, non-transpiring materials)
tight shoes

What are the most common symptoms?

- red skin
chapped skin
itching
bad odour

Vaginal mycoses

Three important facts:

-75% of women have had an episode of vulvovaginal mycoses.
-90% of vaginal mycoses are caused by a fungi called Candida Albicans.
-40-50% of vaginal mycoses are recurrent, meaning they return again in women who have already had them once

The 7 main causes that can give rise to the onset of vulvovaginitis from Candida are:

- weakening of the immune system
congenital or acquired immunodeficiency conditions, and diabetes
the use of certain pharmaceutical products such as cortisone or antibiotics (they directly alter the vaginal flora)
tight-fitting pants
being overweight
the use of oral contraceptives seems to favour greater adhesion of the fungi to the cell walls
pregnancy: : many pregnant women suffer from or have relapses of vaginitis

The most common symptoms are itching, a burning sensation when urinating, a whitish discharge, an unpleasant odour, and dryness of the mucous membranes.

Is prevention important?

Prevention is extremely important because the mycoses tends to be recurrent, meaning that they occur frequently.
We should always let our hands and feet breathe and keep them clean and dry. In the event of athlete’s foot it is recommended to wear cotton socks that protect feet from direct contact with shoes. Instead, for mycosis of the skin, beware of swimming pools, showers in gyms and common changing rooms. A good method for protecting against mycosis of the skin is to use specific prevention products, for example, clinically tested shower gel that protects your skin against attacks by the mycosis fungi.

Mycosis of the skin, onychomycosis, athlete’s foot, and vaginal mycosis are all disorders than can be healed with the proper treatment.

Find out all the Dermovitamina solutution for mycoses